The Archeological Park of Terme Romane di Baia

Via Sella di Baia, 22, 80070, Bacoli

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Parking available

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Pets allowed

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Suitable for children

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Supports in English or French

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About this activity

Bacoli, like all the Phlegraean Fields, is an area rich from an archaeological point of view. Among the many finds absolutely noteworthy are the Terme di Baia, a vast spa and residential complex dating back to ancient Rome that still retains its natural and landscape charm.
The area is part of the Phlegraean Fields Archaeological Park that extends between Pozzuoli, Cuma and Cape Miseno including the Castle of Baia, the Archaeological Park of Cuma and the Flavian Amphitheater of Pozzuoli.

Why you have to visit the Archeological Park of Terme Romane di Baia

The Archeological Park of Terme di Baia is located in the homonymous locality in the area of the Phlegraean Fields, from the Latin phlegrāea and the Greek phlégra that is “that burns”, since the whole area represents the caldera of the homonymous volcano born about 15000 years ago during the eruption of the Neapolitan yellow tuff, from the name of the deposit of ashes that settled on the adjacent zones, and whose crater is represented by the current Gulf of Pozzuoli.

At the time of the Ancient Rome this locality, thanks to its characteristics and natural beauties like the thermal waters, became a very sought after and renowned tourist destination, a place where people can relax and regenerate.

Many important emperors and personalities of that period built their own luxurious holiday homes in Baiae where they were tested and executed the most modern, daring and refined architectural techniques such as the Temple of Mercury, whose dome isn’t only older but it measures half of the Pantheon in Rome, so the scholars suppose that it was the prototype.

Over time, the Terme di Baia underwent numerous enlargements and modifications, such as to make it very difficult to identify some environments, having lost its original function. After Augustus, in fact, they were enlarged by Nero, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Alexander Severus to constitute an immense thermal town. Large buildings were built for baths, leisure, libraries, gyms and gardens according to the rule “mens sana in corpore sano”.

The popularity of Baiae remained until the late ancient age, when by the fourth century AD, due to bradyseism, the land began to gradually subside, and in the seventh century AD a part of the city was completely submerged. 

The most important things to know about Terme Romane di Baia

According to an ancient legend, Baiae owes its name to Bajos, helmsman and companion of Ulysses, dead and buried in this area.

The archaeological complex is not presented as a single monument and it’s divided into sectors that include:

  • the Villa dell’Ambulatio, so named for the presence of a covered porch, in Latin ambulatio, located in one of the six terraces on which the structure is articulated; 
  • the Sosandra nucleus, which takes its name from a statue, a Roman copy of a 5th-century Greek original, depicting Aspasia (the companion of Pericles);
  • the temple of Mercury, so-called because it includes a building that was initially believed to be a temple dedicated to Mercury, but in reality, it was a frigidarium, a pool of cold water. Here it is possible to observe the curious upside down fig tree: a tree whose trunk is not in the ground but in the ceiling of one of the thermal structures, called in fact the room of the “upside down fig tree”, in which a magnificent mosaic has been found well preserved.
  • the so-called temple of Venus, so called for the same reason as the temple of Mercury, which is characterized by environments with refined stucco decorations on the vaults and it includes three building nuclei of different ages, placed on three different levels, including different thermal environments of the Late Republic, Hadrian and Severan ages.


Prices and Discounts

  • It is possible to buy a cumulative ticket 'Circuitoflegreo' at the price of 8,00 €, valid 2 consecutive days for 4 sites: Archaeological Park of the Thermal Baths of Baia, Archaeological Museum of Campi Flegrei in the Castle of Baia, Archaeological Park of Cuma, Flavian Amphitheatre of Pozzuoli.
  • Reduction 2.00 for 18-24 year-olds and state school teachers.
  • Free ticket for under 18, the first Sunday of each month.

Tips for the visit

How to reach Terme romane di Baia

  • To reach the Terme di Baia, follow the indications or push the button 'Get directions'.
  • Reach the Terme Romane by public transport
  • From Piazza Garibaldi Station, take the Regional Train Trenitalia towards Pozzuoli-Solfatara and get off at Napoli Montesanto Station. From there go to the Montesanto EAV stop and take the Cumana towards Torregaveta. Get off at the Fusaro stop and, after about 11 minutes on foot, you will reach Terme di Baia. 
  • Reach the Terme Romane by car
  • From Napoli Piazza Garibaldi station take the A56 motorway from Corso Novara, Via Nuova Poggioreale and Corso Malta. Continue in a northwest direction on Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi, turn slightly right to stay on Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi. Continue on Corso Novara then turn right and take Calata Ponte di Casanova. At the roundabout take the 2nd exit and take Via Nuova Poggiorealethen turn left and take Corso Malta.  
  • Keep left to continue on Corso Malta Course/Release 4 – Corso Malta.
  • Keep left at the release, follow the signs for SS7 Quarto/Pozzuoli and enter A56  (toll road). Follow A56 towards Via Montenuovo Licola Patria in Pozzuoli and take exit 14 towards Pozzuoli/Arco Felice/Bacoli. Enter Via Montenuovo Licola Patria, turn right and continue on Via Miliscola. At the roundabout take the 3rd exit and stay on Via Miliscola then turn left and it becomes Via Montegrillo. Turn right and take Via Terme Romane then turn left (enter the road subject to limited traffic). You will find the Terme di Baia on the right.n

Activity's Location

Via Sella di Baia, 22, 80070, Bacoli
From: €4.00

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